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Archive for September, 2013

Criticisms of the New Librarianship Approach

Posted by arlekeno on September 13, 2013

Major Issues
•Role of Collections: Does he put collections on the back burner with the push for more conversation and participation?
•Neutrality and Bias: Prof Lankes has issue with Librarians being Neutral, This is seen as a major value of librarianship by many.
•Lack of Historical Connections: It’s New. Have the ideas been tested?
•Constructivism and Knowledge: Uses Constructivist view of Knowledge.

Read This:

Neutrality and Bias

21st Century Library Blog’s Review of the Atlas (pay attention especially to the comments): http://21stcenturylibrary.com/2011/09/08/final-review-the-atlas-of-new-librarianship/

Lack of Historical Connections

Progressive Librarians Guild review of the Atlas http://progressivelibrariansguild.org/content/pdf/harger_LankesAtlasPL36-37.pdf

Constructivism and Knowledge

Lane Wilkenson’s Review of the Atlas http://senseandreference.wordpress.com/2011/05/13/the-atlas-of-new-librarianship-essential-readings-in-the-philosophy-of-lis/

Lane’s take on Constructivism and the Library http://senseandreference.wordpress.com/2011/05/18/libraries-are-not-in-the-construction-business/

Lane’s Reccomended readings:

Boghossian, P. (2007). Fear of Knowledge: Against Relativism and Constructivism http://www.amazon.com/Fear-Knowledge-Against-Relativism-Constructivism/dp/0199230412/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1371221289&sr=8-1&keywords=Fear+of+knowledge

Goldman, A. (1999). Knowledge in a Social World http://www.amazon.com/dp/0198238207

 

 

 

 

This Course was moderated by.

R. David Lankes
Professor and Dean’s Scholar for the New Librarianship
Syracuse University’s iSchool

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The Deficit Model (Week 4, MOOC)

Posted by arlekeno on September 13, 2013

IF we think in terms of the Deficit model, i.e. helping people who need help, e.g. job-seekers, then we start to think of the community as not an equal partner. 

 

Good Enough + Satisficing.

working an imperfect system to get best solution… E.g. Wikipedia, not the best but really easy.

-We have to make a good enough, best guess in a world with imperfect information-

it is the best we think we can do with the info we have with the system we know.

(But Wikipedia is a GREAT starting point).

This is not necessarily a deficit ( which is what many in Education think). If we get students to expand on these best gets, and show them how, we can show them how to do better with not much extra effort, Maximum Effect, Minimum cost.

Advocacy or Remediation:

The Approach we use affects the services with offer, and thus how we act, and how our patrons react to us ( for good or bad).     E.G> look at Tech Skills.

Remediation approach: Fixing a problem.

REMEDIATION: Low Income Access, Elderly
ACTIVITY: Workshops ,Kindle Book Loading

 

Advocacy approach:  Promotion

PROMOTION: Publishing Economic Development
ACTIVITY: Hack-a-thons Tech Petting Zoos

Yes our communities have problems. Yes we
should seek to solve them. Yet you motivate
community action through aspirations, not
constant reminders of failings.

We are not outside the community, helping them lift themselves up, we are part of the community. We need to give them the Aspirations.

 

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Kill the User. (Syracuse University iSchool).

Posted by arlekeno on September 10, 2013

Information is not a thing, it is not extracted and removed. is it observed? Copied?

The user view of Library patron/customer.  VERSUS the view of participation.

The user view does say that If the system does not help the user to the info, it is useless.

But the User is still separate from the information.

compare that to a platform, e.g. iphone. You download the apps you want. e.g. facebook, you have a platform but you do all the info for it.

<RANT>User</RANT>

History of User-Orientation

Grew Out of a Systems Perspective

Defines a Simplistic Dialog

Not Social
• Increasingly Synonymous with Consumer

Those Who Championed “User-Based” are
Abandoning It as Too Limited

Quest for a Better Term: Participant,
Member, Creator, Prosumer…

Don’t construct the perfect front page for users. Let them build their own home page. We are participants in the community.

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Week 4: Community & “Share, Don’t Lend”.

Posted by arlekeno on September 9, 2013

Week 4 Introduction

This week’s content will focus on issues withing the community and how librarians engage with that community.

Topic Overview

  • View the library as an institution that helps a community share resources and expertise, rather than as  storehouse of resources owned by the library.
  • View the members of the community more than as users who consume services and lack investment in the library as an institution.
  • Viewing community members as aspirations and dreams, instead of deficits and problems.
  • Review criticisms of new librarianship and the Atlas of New Librarianship.

 Share, Don’t lend.

  1. Sharing: Combining resources together to
    create a richer commons
  2. Lending: Allowing people to borrow from a
    common resource

The more you share, the more you have, the more you lend, the less you have. (dinner party v pot luck)

Libraries are like dinner parties, if we get one copy of a book, only one person can have it at a time. Even if you link to other libraries. This is the limitation of lending libraries. Wait lists.

The original subscription library, everyone brought in their own resources. We can do this with the community, with their resources or skills. The Library as platform. Library has collection, but through the library, we can share amongst the community.

 

 

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Grand Challenges of Librarianship

Posted by arlekeno on September 6, 2013

A Societal-Level Problem That is Solvable
and Has High Potential Rewards

Lifelong Learning
P-20 First generation to not do better than their parents
P-20: Preparing Students to Engage in an Academic Culture
P-20: Higher Education: Fixing an Increasingly Broken Model
How to Credential Knowledge

The Science of Facilitation
From Disintermediation to Facilitation (librarian, educator, curator, journalist, publisher)
Representing and Organizing Complex Knowledge
Processing Massive Scale Data

Community
Balancing Local v. Global Perspectives
Identity (personal, community, etc) in a connected society
Local Concerns (Environment, Economy)
Engaged Citizenry (Democracy)
Transferring Local Information to the larger society

From Consumers to Participants
Move away from information as something to be consumed to something to nourish society (civic contribution)
From Jobs to Monetizing Knowledge Work
Equality of Access for the 21st Century (who owns the information/walled gardens of access to cultural knowledge)

Pressures for Change: Demographics, changes in the marketplace, networks.

Knowledge society with a Knowledge economy. This regulates how we prioritise.

People, Technology, Sources and permissions.

The Grand Challenge:
Coordinating the Knowledge Infrastructure to Unlock the
Potential and Passions of Society

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Library as Platform

Posted by arlekeno on September 6, 2013

Library has the resources.

Physical and digital settings for knowledge creation. e.g. maker spaces,

(by the way, we provide the opportunity for learning, not the direct instruction)

PLATFORM: Not just a service provider, but a place to connect with others, or create materials ( think the local history society using your local library to create and store local material).

http://vimeo.com/58830105#

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Why Libraries?

Posted by arlekeno on September 5, 2013

Do we still need libraries?

For:

Collective Buying Agent – Economic Stimulus – Centre of Learning – Safety net – Steward of Cultural Heritage – Cradle of Democracy – Symbol of Community Aspirations.

Collective Buying Agent:

Pooling resources. 1 library for all community ( or many libraries in a cohort)

Does it make sense in this day and age?  HELL YES!!

Copyright, pay barriers… e.g. EBSCO. and we only rent them!

TEXSHARE SAVES $90,000,000 a year for members! 

Collective buying agency must be for collective access. (and again, Freegal bad)

Economic Stimulus:

Ooh, numbers! In Indiana, the community gets $2.38 in direct benefit for every dollar spent! not to mention generating economic activity! In Wisconsin, each dollar of investment returns $4.06.

(Spending of library and library salaries, saving community money and soft benefits as well).

Centre of Learning:

Libraries going from Information settings to Learning settings.

The two standard models at the moment are –

People University/Agora ( we have the info)  Or  Instructional Libraries. (Teach)

Facilitation of learning is not passive, we need to know how to teach… That includes, making modules, presenting and assessing.

More Numbers. If you have a trained librarian in your school library, you get A LOT of improved scores over those which don’t. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8E-p818kc4s&feature=youtu.be

Cushing Academy via Boston, got rid of a lot of books… But Hired A lot more librarians. And now the students want access to them 24/7

FUTURE?

Public School at the public library. -The rise of the badge ( Mozilla foundation)

Library Granted Degree.

Safety Net: well duh!

Govt info or job info only available via internet. For 3/4 of USA community the library is only internet access. (not to mention time of crisis) or a Physically safe place.

Stewards of Culture:

Same as always, but also a new culture, the now.

Cradle of Democracy:

Transparency, access, education… PARTICIPATION ( a key of new librarianship)

Aspirational Symbol:

What we want to be ( and showing off). 

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Syracuse Library MOOC week 3 notes: Libraries.

Posted by arlekeno on September 5, 2013

Week 3 Introduction

This week’s content will focus on libraries as institutions. The week will begin Monday, July 22 and end Sunday, July 28.

Topic Overview

  • What is the mission of a library and aspects of a good mission statement?
  • What are the justifications for libraries as institutions?
  • Seeing the library as a less a place and more as a necessary function throughout the communtiy.
  • How libraries and libraraians can work together to improve society as a whole.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=58w328V5Jqc&feature=youtu.be

Video: The Mission of Libraries: Expect more than books.

More than books, the mission is more than the tool, and books are the tool. The Mission is Knowledge.

(also a good history of how libraries became associated with books.)

We no longer have information scarcity, we have attention/time scarcity amongst the information overload.

also have to ADVOCATE! all the same things we advocated to physical resources, we need to advocate for the digital world. Across platforms, copyright, access. EVERYTHING. (think the eBook Battles, fight the artificial scarcity).

Mission Statements:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K5WWq7dXh18&feature=youtu.be

(just watch the video).

 

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Salzburg Curriculum

Posted by arlekeno on September 4, 2013

Salzburg Curriculum: What is it?  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ot4LY7fsTlc

What do New Librarians need to know in an age of participation…

Core Values.

FRAMING

  1. Mission
  2. Applicability
  3. Values

Topical Areas

  1. Openness and transparency
  2. Self-reflection
  3. Collaboration
  4. Service
  5. Empathy and respect
  6. Continuous learning/striving for excellent (which requires lifelong learning)
  7. Creativity and imagination*

Specific Skills

  • Transformative Social Engagement
  • Technology
  • Management for Participation (Professional Competencies)
  • Asset Management
  • Cultural Skills
  • Knowledge, Learning, and Innovation

https://www.coursesites.com/bbcswebdav/pid-3678575-dt-content-rid-13112545_1/courses/New_Librarianship/Salzburg%281%29.pdf

The Mission-

“the mission of librarians and museum
professionals is to foster conversations
that improve society through knowledge
exchange and social action”

Applicability-

Formal and Continuing Education

The Values

Openness & transparency
Self-reflection
Collaboration
Service
Empathy and respect
Continuous learning/striving for excellent
(which requires lifelong learning)
Creativity and imagination

 

Transformative Social Engagement:

If you work in a place, try and make it better. (what the community aspires to) Programmes, advocacy, whatever the society needs.

Technology:

Whatever is needed at the time. e.g. create and maintain an effective virtual presence.

Be willing and able to pass the skills on.

Management for Participation:

Sustainability ( financial), Advocacy, ethics, sharing, collaboration, review

Asset Management:

Preserve/Safeguard, Collect, Organise, disseminate.

In old and new librarianship, each collection and patron different.

Cultural Skills:

communication; intercultural: the ability to analyze and function in micro and macro cultures including age and gender; languages / terminology; support for multiple type of literacies.

Knowledge, Learning, and Innovation:
Constructed, Improvisation or innovation, interpretation, dissemination, information seeking.

http://salzburg.syr.edu/?page_id=112

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Librarians in new librarianship.

Posted by arlekeno on September 3, 2013

What makes a librarian? 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O3NAVLmK1TY&feature=youtu.be

Theory and Practice, we understand deep concepts and how to make that a reality.

But what do we do?

1) Competencies: Change Slowly,

2) Access

3) Skills:

Public service, Administration, Information Organisation, Information seeking, Collection development.

4) Cataloguing

5) Technology: CHANGES FAST!

6) Specific Tech, e.g. MARC, still hanging in there but RDA changing it.

 

New Librarianship focuses on the competencies, the job defines the technologies you use due to the collection and audience. But our job is not defined by technology, its defined by the competences.

Technologies and thus skills are in transition as we speak, Especially with the semantic web etc… But librarians are used to this change and should expect it again.

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