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Learning to Classify to SCIS standards.

Posted by arlekeno on September 17, 2012

Will try these modules when I have time, but they are quite long and this is a DENSE subject.

But onwards to Module 6- SCIS (and how we adapt Dewey Decimal Classification in Australia)

Examine 3:C1 (p. 3-4) which gives the rationale for SCIS decisions on and adaptations to DDC23 and ADDC14. Do you agree with the logic used here?
Yes, I agree, we do not need a great deal of detail in School libraries. It just makes it harder to locate a book. And for us all to use the same editions.

Read 3:C3 (p. 3-4). In the last paragraph SCIS is effectively arguing that the assigning of access points (descriptive cataloguing) and subject headings, plus cross references, is more important in assisting users to locate the resources they need than the creation of call numbers. Do you agree?   Probably, especially with modern search engines. (But then again SCIS does make teh subject headings, but only assigns the DDC 😛  )

Read 3:C4 through 3:C7 (p. 3-5). These are effectively policy statements rather than introductory comments. Note that both 3:C4 and 3:C6 bypass 3:D leading directly to 3:E. These are significant policies that you will need to be aware of.

Read 3:D1 (p. 3-6). Note that SCIS cataloguers are required to have a thorough knowledge of both DDC23 and ADDC14 in order to apply these standards. You are only required to use DDC23 and the SCIS standards which apply to that edition of DDC. The knowledge you have already gained of DDC23 is crucial to your understanding of SCIS’s classification standards.

3:D2 and 3:D3 (pp. 3-6 – 3-7) reinforce SCIS policy of faithfulness to DDC23 and ADDC14 as published. The last paragraph of 3:D3 seeks to explain how this faithfulness can be maintained while meeting the special classification needs of schools.

3:D4 (pp. 3-7 – 3-8) treats an area which is of keen interest to many teacher librarians – how long should classification numbers be in school libraries? All of 3:D4 needs to be thoroughly read. Note that the cut off points given are guides rather than absolutes, and that ‘A logical cut-off point will be the criterion’. Some elements of the guidance given for determining cut off points are clear, such as the use of table 2. While others, such as the second paragraph under the heading ‘Appropriateness: useful and sensible groupings’, while sound principles, are more subjective.

Exercise 22 Using DDC23/WebDewey 2.0 create the classification number for ‘School libraries in Wagga Wagga’. Then truncate, if necessary, your classification number to SCIS standards following the guidelines in 3:D4. The answer is at the end of the module.

Well, school libraries is 327.8.  (both secondary and junior I think).  NSW is 944, So I am guessing 327.8 – 944. Just need to check if there is a 0 in there.

Check the answer…

Exercise 22

DDC22 = 027.8099448

This number has 10 digits which is over the suggested limit of 9 set by SCIS.  Hence truncation to 027.809944 would be acceptable by SCIS standards as this is a logical point to cut at.  It is an acceptable number and results in a logical grouping, i.e. school libraries in New South Wales.

Ok, need to check the -48 and why the 0

(Option: Add to each number in

(Option: Add to each number in T2–1 as follows:

Specific continents, countries, localities

Add to 0 notation T2–3-T2–9 from Table 2, e.g., Asia 05, Torrid zone of Asia T2–1305, rivers of Asia T2–169305, cities of Asia T2–173205

Segmentation Instruction: Option not used in abridged edition

I think that is the 0, now for the 48  

New South Wales
Southern district

Must be a 09, not a 0 .

from the forum

Priscilla Curran Date: Wed 12-Sep-12 08:30 pm
To: 06 Module Six Forum
Subject: Re: Module exercise 22
Yes, I think it is something like that. Web dewey lists 027.8093-027.8099 as the numbers for Specific continents, countries, localities, so I assume 027.809 is the base number then you add 9448 to that. Not sure what the 09 actually stands for though – is it the 09 from Table 1 standard subdivisions – History, geographic treatment, biography.
OK, i need to go look at the table 1 standard subdivision rules.
IT is listed in -09 but does this mean that this is what I use to divide/designate the country? If so it is starting to make sense.. If not I am still lost.
I shall just read the rest of Section 3 of Scis standards and then do Ex23.
 3:D5 to 3:D7 (p. 3-9) are important areas of policy to note. Note 3:D5 in particular as it is not reinforced in 3:E and has important implications when using ADDC14 or DDC23.
Ooh, this is an interesting local rule for Australian Schools.
To give emphasis and a shorter number to religion, spirituality and creation stories of the
Australian Aboriginal peoples, the permanently unassigned number 298 is used with both
ADDC14 and DDC23.
in webdewey 2.0
(298) (Permanently unassigned)
Other religions
(Permanently unassigned)
3:E, Decisions and interpretations can be divided into 4 subsections. 3:E1 (pp. 3-10 – 3-13) is concerned with book numbers, 3:E2  (pp. 3-13 – 3-14) defines works of fiction, 3:E3 to 3:E8 (3-15 – 3-21) describe SCIS decisions on DDC tables, while 3:E9 to 3E:18 (3-21 – 3-37) cover SCIS decisions on DDC schedules. 3:E1 and 3:E2 will be examined later in this section. Our focus now is on 3:E3 to 3:E18 which give the specific decisions and interpretations made by SCIS to both DDC23 and ADDC14 tables and schedules.
Examine the structure of the information given at 3:E3. The aspect of DDC being treated, in this case Table 1 Standard Subdivisions, is given as a heading. This is followed by a statement describing SCIS’s use of Table 1, which is followed in turn by specific SCIS decisions on the use of aspects of table 1. These specific decisions are listed in two columns. The left hand column gives decisions relating to ADDC14 while the right hand column lists decisions relating to DDC23.
I am really, Really lost!Browse through following parts of 3:E noting that this is the structure used throughout, except that there is not always a statement describing SCIS use of that aspect of DDC. Note that 3:E4 deals with Table 2, 3:E5 deals with Table 3, 3:E9 deals with schedules 000 to 099, 3:E10 deals with 100 to 199 and so on. It will be evident to you that the decisions generally only make sense when they are read in conjunction with ADDC14 or DDC23.
This is not a subject which should be done by distance Education!
Anyway, I shall try exercise 23

Exercise 23

Determine the classification number which would be assigned to items on the following subjects using DDC23 and the SCIS interpretations and decisions on this classification tool. Answers are at the end of the module.

a. An American English language general encyclopaedia
b. Model kite making
c. William Shakespeare’s love poems
d. Australian Aboriginal spirituality and dreamtime
e. Adopted children
f. Teaching reasoning and problem solving
g. Eucalyptus trees
h. Henry Lawson’s poetry
i. The architecture of castles in Spain
j. Bird watching in Australia.
a) 031, (WRong, its 030 because)

3:E9 000 Computer science, information & general works


American emphasis

The American emphasis built into several of the divisions of this main class is thought to be

unnecessary and inappropriate for Australian and New Zealand school libraries. For example, it

is not particularly helpful to separate American encyclopaedias from those originating in

Australia, New Zealand or the United Kingdom. To avoid the separation, 031 and 032 are not

used and all English-language encyclopaedias are classed at 030. Similar changes are made in

other divisions to avoid inconvenient fragmentation.

Okay, I CANNOT agrree with this!
DDC23 =  796.15 (Kites-Recreation)
=  745.592 (Toys-Handicrafts)=  745.5928 (Models-Handicrafts)
SCIS decision (3:E16) 745.592 is the selected number. No truncation needed (3:D4).
Correct answer  =  745.592

I cannot see Making a kite as a “Decorative Art” yes it is decoration, but it is a practical recreation.

and I typed in Kite and did not get ANY of the three initial search results listed above.

I know there is a Specific example in SCIS notes for Kites, but if I am not given any hint by the DEWEY its here, how am I mean to have ANY IDEA! I am not looking forward to this task!

c) 821.3 ( using e17) But I would have used this anyway solely from Dewey as it is poetry not drama

822.33/Y p. 803
Do not use. Prefer 821.3 for Shakespeare‟s poems
and critical appraisal of the poems. Class criticism
of Shakespeare‟s work in general in 822.33/D.

d) 298 (because of E11) but otherwise 299.92 (15)

Local emphasis
The permanently unassigned number 298 is used to give emphasis and a shorter notation to
materials on the religious beliefs and creation stories of the Australian Aboriginal peoples. All
works about the Dreamtime and the Dreaming are classed in 298.


First I though 346.01, for adopted children, But I649 (adopted children home care) was pretty close. BUT

DDC23 = 306.874 (Parent-child relationship, ‘Including adopted children’)
No SCIS decision on this number, therefore use as given (3:D3). No truncation needed (3:D4)
Correct answer = 306.874

I cannot see how I was expected to work out it was Parent-Child relationship from either the Dewey Display or the Information on the book.

f) I would go 153.43 BUT again there is a specific example in SCIS

153.43 p. 129
Avoid using, unless the work is clearly a work of
psychology. Class „how to‟ works on thinking skills
and works on teaching reasoning and problemsolving
at 160.

g)  This time I just searched SCIS  583.766 (or 582.16 for trees, but since the DDC search shows Eucalyptus that makes more sense and specificity).

582.16 p. 1202
Do not use this number for works on specific
kinds of trees. Prefer 583–588. For example,
Eucalyptus 583.766

h) 821.2 9 ( I forgot the A)

DDC23 =  821 (English poetry) or A821.2 (Australian poetry, 1890-1945) (Using optional A and Australian period table)
SCIS decision (3:E17) is to take up the option to add an A to distinguish Australian literature and to use of the period table for Australia.
Correct answer  =  A821.2

Its funny though, i put in 821.2 in Dewey and it comes up with

English poetry–1400-1558, . . .
Cmopletely wrong, but from Building and the answer sheet and what we have in SCIS its right.
i) 728.810946 (Yay, I got one right!)
DDC23 =  728.810946 (Castles-Architecture at 728.81, then build as instructed at 721-729)
No SCIS decision on this number, therefore use as given (3:D3). No truncation needed (3:D4) as the number is 9 digits long (the recommended maximum)
Correct answer = 728.810946

J) 598.0723494 (should I knock of the last 4, for the brevity? .. in Scis it is down to .0234)

Add to base number 598.07234 notation T2–4-T2–9 from Table 2, e.g., bird watching in East Africa 598.07234676





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