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Charles Sturt University: Marc 21 Records and S.C.I.S. (mod 4 cont.)

Posted by arlekeno on August 5, 2012

MARC (Machine Readable Cataloguing – ‘Machine’ is an old way of referring to computer) is a standard for the manipulation of surrogate records within computer systems and also for the exchange of surrogate records among compatible systems.

Understanding MARC Bibliographic: Machine-Readable Cataloging. Read especially Parts I, II, IV and V.

I always wanted to know this.

Library of Congress >> MARC >> Understanding MARC


Part I: What Does MARC Mean?
Part II: Why Is a MARC Record Necessary?
Part III: MARC Terms and Their Definitions
Part IV: Where do MARC Records Originate?
Part V: MARC Data Issues
Part VI: In Conclusion

Record with textual “signposts”

Main entry, personal name with a single surname:
The name:

Arnosky, Jim.

Title and Statement of responsibility area, pick up title for a title added entry, file under “Ra…”
Title proper:

Statement of responsibility:

Raccoons and ripe
corn /
Jim Arnosky.

Edition area:
Edition statement:
1st ed.
Publication, distribution, etc., area:
Place of publication:
Name of publisher:

Date of publication:

New York :
Lothrop, Lee &
Shepard Books,
Physical description area:
Illustrative matter:
25 p. :
col. ill. ;
26 cm.
Note area:
Hungry raccoons feast at night in a field of ripe corn.
Subject added entries, from Library of Congress subject heading list for children:
Topical subject:


Local call number: 599.74 ARN
Local barcode number: 8009
Local price: $15.00

Same record with MARC tags

100 1# $a
245 10 $a
250 ## $a
260 ## $a
300 ## $a
520 ## $a
650 #1 $a
900 ## $a
901 ## $a
903 ## $a
Arnosky, Jim.
Raccoons and ripe corn /
Jim Arnosky.
1st ed.
New York :
Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Books,
25 p. :
col. ill. ;
26 cm.
Hungry raccoons feast at night in a field of ripe corn.
599.74 ARN

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The tags used most frequently are:

010 tag marks the Library of Congress Control Number (LCCN)
020 tag marks the International Standard Book Number (ISBN)
100 tag marks a personal name main entry (author)
245 tag marks the title information (which includes the title, other title information, and the statement of responsibility)
250 tag marks the edition
260 tag marks the publication information
300 tag marks the physical description (often referred to as the “collation” when describing books)
490 tag marks the series statement
520 tag marks the annotation or summary note
650 tag marks a topical subject heading
700 tag marks a personal name added entry (joint author, editor, or illustrator)

An outline of those 10% of the tags which are used most frequently is included with this brochure in Part VII. A brief list of some of the other tags is included in Part VIII.

From Hider: Pages 198 -213: Not Much not already covered, interesting to see everyone had their own marc standard. My question is, Will we still use Marc21 with RDA?  … PG 212. Problems with Marc.

  • Complicated (more detail than most libraries need and takes ages to learn)
  • inflexible structure.
  • multiple versions/dialects.
  • OLD FASHIONED. is essentially a computer version of card catalogs. (is this what RDA/FRAD) is trying to fix?
  • has not saved as much money as people hoped.

I think Marc 21 can be adapted for RDA rather than Dublin Core (which some people see as too general (hider)).

Standards for school libraries 

Because AACR2 is written for a range of libraries it offers alternative approaches from which libraries can choose the elements and alternatives which best serves the needs of its users. The Curriculum Corporation has determined which elements and alternatives best serve the needs of Australian school libraries. Details of these decisions are contained in Section 2 Descriptive Cataloguing of SCIS standards for cataloguing and data entry. These SCIS standards are available to you online at It is necessary to also have access to AACR2 itself as well as the SCIS standards, as the SCIS standards document only clarifies aspects of AACR2 – it does not replace it.

Finally, SCIS will stick with Marc. Now to look at my assessment task.



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