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Characteristics of effective team work.

Posted by arlekeno on September 1, 2009

http://www.ndt-ed.org/TeachingResources/ClassroomTips/Teamwork.htm

TEAMWORK IN THE CLASSROOM.

  1. The team must have a clear goal.
  2. The team must have a results-driven structure.
  3. The team must have competent team members.
  4. The team must have unified commitment.
  5. The team must have a collaborative climate.
  6. The team must have high standards that are understood by all.
  7. The team must receive external support and encouragement.
  8. The team must have principled leadership.

Some good points there, good article on difference between teams and groups and a bit on stages of a team.

Advantages of teamwork: Some jobs are too big for one person, some jobs need multiple skills.

8 KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF EFFECTIVE TEAMS.

http://ezinearticles.com/?8-Key-Characteristics-of-Effective-Teams&id=817550

This is pretty basic and touchy feely. It lists basically two of the above 8,

1 point being commitment, and the other point being the collaborative environment, talked about in 7 different ways.

not academic enough for this task.

CHARACTERISTICS OF TEAMWORK IN SINGAPORE CONSTRUCTON PROJECTS (Chow, Then & Skitmore).

  • clear objectives
  • trust
  • cohesiveness
  • interdependency
  • Enthusiasm.

Mostly the same as above, but the interdependency issue is interesting as it brings in an aspect of the team members needing each other, This prevents one person from trying to do everything I suppose.

CHARACTERISTICS OF EFFECTIVE TEAMS (Mickan & Rodger)

Again, similar features, but also goes into what the INDIVIDUAL must bring, and the processes involved.A very useful article.

CHALLENGES FOR BUILDING EFFECTIVE TEAMS ( Dyer, 2007)

Advantages of teamwork skills, future workers will need them. ( so we should teach them as well as use them).

A lot of HOW TO build a team, but not what makes a good team beyond what is already above, (communication, trust, etc). nothing new here. But still use for the future workers quote as that is an advantage of doing teamwork.

TEAM LABS: PROMOTING EFFECTIVE TEAMWORK IN OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT CLASSES ( williams & Anderson 2008)

Increasing emphasis on the need for it in University courses.

Common Team Problems (within uni students)

  • Poor communication
  • leadership problems
  • “free rider” syndrome
  • “Do it all yourself syndrome”
  • Lack of performance standards
  • Scheduling issues.
  • No leverage to encourage poor performers to improve.
  • Nonexistent, useless, or unused peer evaluations.
  • different work styles.
  • different goals for grades

The article goes into how this was addressed, work contracts at several stages, peer review became part of grades, very interesting and some use to this assessment.

ACHIEVING ENVRIONMENTAL EXCELLENCE THROUGH EFFECTIVE TEAMWORK ( P.A.Strachan 1996)

talks of using people from most business functions, or for us, accross faculties.

Advantages: Employees own process, feel part of decision making and take responsibility.

A SYSTEMS MODEL OF EFFECTIVE TEAMWORK ( Ingram, Teare, Scheuing & Armistead 1997)

Inputs : Climate and Group Configuration

Throughputs: Processes, Cohesiveness, Communication, Decision-making, Task Activities, Maintenance activities.

Outputs: Task performance, Individual outputs, Other outputs.

Interesting article, not sure how I can use it though… ( maybe just too tired)

Barnett, McKowen & Bloom. A school without a Principal (1998)

  • Commitment to shared decision making. 
  •  Communication ( supported by communication guidelines).
  • Ownership of process.
  • enthusiasm.
  • Supporting others.
  • Honesty.

A very relevant article as it is about teachers using team work.

Law, Glover 2000: Leading effective Teams.

Group size, over 10 or less than 3 perform less well.  5-7 is best.

pg73: (from Woodcock 1979:7) Benefits of teams.

  1. Provides help and support
  2. Coordinates the activities of individuals.
  3. generates commitment
  4. provides a “place to be” so meeting a basic human need to belong
  5. identifies training and development needs;
  6. provides learning opportunities.
  7. enhances communication
  8. provides a satisfying, stimulating and enjoyable work environment.

Beck, Yeager 1994: Making teams work, an underused window of opportunity.

Mostly on good leadership.

Gibbs: Reframing the role of the teacher-librarian: The case for collaboration and flexibility. (2003)

Nothing of use.

Deep meaning of inside collaboration. (from last semester 🙂

Increasing participation and democracy in schools performed better (team work can be part of this as it can lead to more connectedness between faculties within a school).  community building as relationships are key to success.

collaborative organisations fan the passions and commitment of members.

“the biggest problem facing schools is fragmentation and overload” (teams distribute work, allow for communication and rejoining)

Cibulka et al (2000):schools as learning organisations: a review of literature.

learning is continuos, the  task of a learning organisation is learning how to learn and to provide lifelong learning among its members. (team work is a way to share knowledge).

 Montiel-Overall (2005): A theoretical understanding of teacher and Librarian collaboration.

Collaboration ( mini-teamwork i suppose) Is considered essential for prepairing students for a complex society. improves teaching and learning.

attributes of succesful collaboration. 1. Relationships.

N.B. Should we look at things out of the control of the new teachers?

i.e. Adequate resources? Feedback and External monitoring, relevant membership?

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One Response to “Characteristics of effective team work.”

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